Everything you need to know about gallstones

How do gallstones work?

A tiny organ called the gallbladder can be found in your upper right belly, directly beneath your liver. Bile, a greenish-yellow liquid that aids in digestion, is kept in this pouch. Your gallbladder normally has problems when something, such as a gallstone, is obstructing its bile duct.

The majority of gallstones are caused by the hardening of bile-derived chemicals like cholesterol.


Gallstones are frequently asymptomatic and quite prevalent. However, only 10% of those with gallstones will experience symptoms within 5 years.

Gallstones symptoms and signs

The upper right abdomen or the middle of your stomach may hurt as a result of gallstones. Occasionally, eating fried or high-fat foods may cause you to have gallbladder pain, although this can happen at nearly any time.

Gallstone-related pain often only lasts a few hours, but it can be very painful.

Gallstones symptoms and signs

The symptoms of gallstones may worsen and eventually include the following:

  • Elevated temperature
  • Quick heartbeat
  • The skin and eye whites are becoming yellow (jaundice)
  • Rough skin
  • Diarrhea
  • Chills
  • Confusion
  • A decrease in appetite

These signs could indicate a gallbladder infection or an inflammation of the pancreas, liver, or gallbladder.

It’s time to visit a doctor or go to the emergency room if you have one or more of these problems because gallstone symptoms might mirror those of other serious conditions including appendicitis and pancreatitis.

Unnoticeable gallstones

Gallstones don’t hurt by themselves. Instead, pain happens when gallstones obstruct bile flow from the gallbladder.

The American College of Gastroenterology estimates that “silent gallstones” affect roughly 80% of persons with gallstones. This indicates that they are symptom- and pain-free. In certain situations, your doctor might find the gallstones during abdominal surgery or using X-rays.



It is believed that a bile chemical imbalance within the gallbladder is the real cause of gallstones. Although scientists are still unsure of the precise explanation for the imbalance, there are a few potential causes:

Cholesterol buildup in bile

Yellow cholesterol stones might develop if your bile contains an excessive amount of cholesterol. If your liver produces more cholesterol than your bile can break down, these hard stones may form.

Cholesterol buildup in bile

Excessive bilirubin levels

A substance called bilirubin is created as part of the regular breakdown of red blood cells. Following creation, it moves through the liver before being subsequently eliminated from the body.

Your liver may overproduce bilirubin under certain circumstances, such as liver disease and some blood diseases. When your gallbladder is unable to break down the extra bilirubin, pigment gallstones develop. They are typically black or dark brown in color.

Excessive bilirubin levels

Bile that is concentrated because the gallbladder is packed

For your gallbladder to work effectively, it must be able to release its bile. Insufficient bile excretion can result in too concentrated bile, which can lead to the formation of stones.


Most of the time, unless gallstones are painful, you won’t need therapy. Gallstones can occasionally travel through your system undetected. Surgery is probably something your doctor will advise if you’re in agony. Medication may be utilized on occasion.

There are a few non-surgical options to try if you have a high risk of surgical problems. Even with extra treatment, your gallstones could recur if surgery is skipped. This implies that monitoring your condition may be necessary throughout the majority of your life.


One of the most frequent procedures performed on people in the US is a cholecystectomy, or surgery to remove the gallbladder. The gallbladder is not a necessary organ, thus one can survive in good health without it.

surgery of gallstone

Cholecystectomy comes in two varieties:

Cholecystectomy through laparoscopy.

This is a typical operation that calls for general anesthesia. Your abdomen will often receive three to four incisions from the surgeon. The gallbladder will then be carefully removed after a small, illuminated gadget is inserted into one of the incisions to look for stones. If there are no difficulties, you can typically return home the day of the treatment or the day after.

Cholecystectomy in the open.

The gallbladder is often operated on when it is inflamed, diseased, or scarred. This procedure might also be performed if complications arise during laparoscopic cholecystectomy.

After having your gallbladder removed, you can suffer loose or watery stools. The bile must be transferred from the liver to the small intestine in order to remove a gallbladder. Bile gets less concentrated since the gallbladder is no longer used. The immediate result is a laxative effect that can cause diarrhea, but this issue should resolve on its own for most people.

Non-surgical procedures

There are a few alternative methods doctors can try to remove your gallstones if surgery cannot be done, for example, if the patient is very old.

Ursodiol (Actigall) and chenodiol (Chenix) are commonly used in oral dissolving therapy to dissolve gallstones. Bile acids, which are present in these drugs, help to dissolve the stones. It may take months or years for this medication to fully take effect, and it works best for breaking up cholesterol stones.

One further possibility is shock wave lithotripsy. A device that produces shock waves that travel through a person is called a lithotripter. Gallstones can be fragmented into tiny bits by these shock waves.


A sterile needle is inserted into the gallbladder during percutaneous gallbladder drainage to aspirate (pull out) bile. The next step involves inserting a tube to aid in further drainage. This surgery is usually a last resort and is more often an option for patients who may not be candidates for other surgeries.

Gallstones risk factors

While certain gallstone risk factors can be influenced by food, others are less so. Age, race, sexual orientation, and family history are examples of uncontrollable risk variables.


Risk factors for lifestyle

  • Living while overweight
  • A low-fiber, high-fat, or high-cholesterol diet
  • Shedding pounds quickly
  • Having type 2 diabetes nowadays

Genes as risk elements

  • A female birth gender
  • Being of Mexican or Native American ancestry
  • Having gallstones running in one’s family
  • Being at least 60 years old

Medical danger signs

  • Experiencing cirrhosis
  • Having a baby
  • Taking certain drugs to reduce cholesterol
  • Taking prescription drugs high in estrogen (like certain birth controls)

Despite the fact that some medications may raise your risk of gallstones, you shouldn’t stop taking them before talking to your doctor and getting their approval.


Your doctor will conduct a physical examination during which they’ll look for any obvious color changes in your eyes and skin. Jaundice, which develops when your body produces too much bilirubin, may show up as a yellowish color.

Diagnostic tests that enable your doctor to look inside your body may be used during the examination. These tests consist of:

Ultrasound. Images of your abdomen are produced by ultrasound. In order to confirm that you have gallstone disease, this imaging technique is preferable. Additionally, it may reveal anomalies linked to acute cholecystitis.


CT scan of the abdomen. Your liver and abdominal region are captured on camera during this imaging test.

Radionuclide scan of the gallbladder. It takes around an hour to finish this significant scan. Radioactive material is injected into your veins by a professional. Your blood carries the material to your liver and gallbladder. A scan may show signs of an infection or an obstruction of the bile ducts due to stones.

A blood test. Blood tests that determine the level of bilirubin in your body may be prescribed by your doctor. The tests also reveal how effectively your liver is working.

Diet and foods to consume sparingly

Try these recommendations to assist your health and lower your risk of developing gallstones:

Consume fewer processed carbohydrates (such as white bread and cookies) and less sugar.

Increase your consumption of wholesome fats like fish oil and olive oil, which may aid in the regular contraction and emptying of your gallbladder.

Consume the recommended amount of fiber daily (women need about 25 grimes a day, men need about 38 grimes a day).

Participate in daily physical activity of some kind.

Maintain proper hydration.

Slowly reduce your weight if you want to. Your risk of gallstones and other health issues may arise if you lose a lot of weight quickly.



Cholesterol appears to have a significant role in the creation of gallstones, despite the fact that there is no method to totally prevent them. Your doctor might advise you to reduce foods high in saturated fat if you have a family history of gallstones. These foods include, among others:

  • Fatty meat, such as bacon and sausage
  • Cookies and cakes
  • Cream and lard
  • Certain cheeses

Maintaining a healthy weight is another approach to reducing the risk of gallstone formation because persons who are obese are more susceptible to developing them.

Are There Natural Ways to Treat Gallstones?

Hard deposits called gallstones to develop in your gallbladder. Gallstones can be of two different types:

Gallstones made with too much cholesterol are the most prevalent type.

Pigment gallstones, which are formed when bilirubin levels are too high.


Gallstones are frequently treated with surgery, but you may be able to treat them naturally. Continue reading to discover home cures for gallstones as well as advice on how to avoid developing them.

How to avoid surgery when treating gallstones

The upper right portion of the abdomen may experience an acute, excruciating discomfort due to gallstones. You might feel this ache traveling up to your shoulder blade and into your back. Other signs and symptoms include diarrhea, light-colored or grey stools, nausea, and vomiting.


Before attempting to treat gallstones on your own, consult your doctor. You can get the proper diagnosis with the help of your doctor. You can get their advice on all of your available treatment alternatives. Seek emergency medical attention if you experience yellowing of the eyes, a fever or chills, or severe abdominal discomfort.

1. Gallbladder cleanse

Gallstones can develop for a variety of reasons, including:

More bile may be produced by your liver than it can break down.

Bilirubin, an excess pigment that cannot be broken down, may be present in your body.

It’s possible that the gallbladder won’t drain entirely or as frequently as it should.

Gallbladder cleanse

Some assert that a gallbladder flush or cleanse can aid in removing gallstones and emptying the gallbladder. However, there is no scientific proof to back up these assertions. The body has the ability to flush and cleanse itself.

However, some individuals ingest an olive oil, juice, and herb combination for two or more days. They are not permitted to eat anything other than the oil combination during that period. There isn’t a typical combination or recipe. People with diabetes or those who have low blood sugar should avoid this combo.

One study examined the effects of sunflower and olive oils on gallstones. While olive oil had an impact on bile consumption, the researchers discovered that it had no impact on gallstones.

Before commencing any form of detox, consult your doctor. For certain people, it might not be secure.

2. Apple Juice

Apple juice is sometimes used to cure gallstones. That’s because they think apple juice can help you pass gallstones by softening them. This assertion gained popularity as a result of a letter that was written in 1999 and described anecdotal evidence of a woman who used apple juice to successfully pass her gallstones. However, there are no empirical investigations to back up this assertion.

Apple Juice
Apple juice pouring from red apples fruits in summer into a glass

If you suffer from diabetes, hypoglycemia, stomach ulcers, or other problems, drinking a lot of fruit juice might not be healthy for you.

3. Apple cider vinegar

A common health product called apple cider vinegar (ACV) is frequently used in cleanses. ACV may lower blood sugar levels, but there are no trials to back up its usage in the treatment of gallstones. The need for or effectiveness of cleanses is not well supported.


4. Yoga

There are various reports that practicing yoga can aid in gallstone removal organically. In one study, it was discovered that yoga helped persons with diabetes’ lipid profiles. In a study, researchers examined individuals who had cholesterol gallstones and discovered that these individuals were more likely to have aberrant lipid profiles. But the existence of gallstones was not associated with these elevated levels, according to the researchers.


There is no scientific evidence to support the use of yoga for the treatment of gallstones, even if it may help with some of the symptoms related to gallstones.

5. Milk thistle

Disorders of the liver and gallbladder may be helped by milk thistle, also known as Silybum marianum. The effects of milk thistle on the treatment of gallstones have not been specifically studied, however, it is assumed to activate both organs.

Milk thistle

As a supplement, milk thistle is available as a pill. Before consuming milk thistle, especially if you have diabetes, consult your doctor. People with type 2 diabetes may experience lower blood sugar levels because of milk thistle. Additionally, milk thistle allergy is a possibility.

6. Artichoke

Artichokes are good for gallbladder health. It benefits the liver and stimulates bile production. The effectiveness of artichokes in the treatment of gallstones has not been examined in any trials.


You can steam, pickle, or grill artichokes. If you can stomach eating artichokes, there is no harm in doing so. Only after consulting your doctor should you take artichoke in pill or supplement form.

7. Golden grass

Chinese medicine uses gold coin grass, also known as Lysimachia herba.

Beautiful Autumn field with wildflowers.

Gallstones are treated by a dependable source. Gallstone formation is thought to be lessened as a result. In order to assist in softening the stones, some people advise ingesting gold coin grass before starting a gallstone cleanse.

8. Pack of castor oil

Pack of castor oil

Another traditional treatment is using castor oil packs, which some individuals prefer to use a gallbladder cleansing. You cover your abdomen with warm clothes that have been soaked in castor oil. The packs are intended to cure your gallstones and relieve pain. No scientific research has been done to back up claims that this treatment is efficient.

9. Acupressure

By relieving bile flow, easing spasms, and restoring normal function, acupuncture may help with some gallstone pain. Gallstones have reportedly been treated with acupuncture, but additional research is required.

One short trial with 60 participants examined the impact of acupuncture on cholecystitis. The gallbladder is inflamed with cholecystitis. It was discovered that acupuncture relieved symptoms and decreased gallbladder size.

Acupressure for gallstone

To particularly examine the advantages of acupuncture for the treatment of gallstones, more research is required.

In general, acupuncture is risk-free. Look for a licensed acupuncturist before selecting one, and confirm that they are using fresh, single-use needles. Your insurance company might cover a portion of the expense in some circumstances. There are also public acupuncture clinics in many cities. Instead of being performed in a private location, acupuncture is provided in a room with other patients. Community acupuncture is frequently far less expensive than private acupuncture terms of cost.

Other therapies for gallstones

Gallstones are frequently treated with medication and surgery.


To dissolve smaller gallstones, two bile acids are frequently recommended:

  • Acid ursodeoxycholic
  • Acid chenodeoxycholic

Ursodeoxycholic acid helped obese persons consuming extremely low-calorie diets avoid gallstone development in an earlier 1989 study.

Bile acids may take up to two years to dissolve gallstones. If you stop taking the medication, your gallstones can form again.



The recommended course of action for gallstones is frequently surgery. Gallstones cannot form again after surgery, also known as a cholecystectomy, as the gallbladder is removed.

A gallbladder is not necessary for living, and in the majority of cases, the body can adjust to its loss without suffering severe consequences. Find out more information about gallbladder removal surgery.

Guidelines for avoiding gallstones

Gallstones most frequently occur in:

  • Women
  • People that are above 40
  • Those who have diabetes
  • Persons with obesity
  • Expecting mothers
  • Individuals who use hormonal drugs
  • Those that consume a lot of fat

Gallstone formation is probably influenced by a number of factors, including nutrition, lifestyle, and heredity.


According to a 2006 study, women who consumed more fruits and vegetables had a decreased probability of undergoing gallbladder removal surgery than those who consumed the least of these foods. A healthy gallbladder and lower risk of gallstones may be supported by a diet that is well-balanced and rich in a range of fruits and vegetables. It might also aid in controlling weight.


The gallbladder may get irritated by certain meals, such as:

  • Eggs
  • Refined sugar
  • Foods with lots of saturated fat
  • Food allergens

You may wish to avoid some foods, so discuss them with your doctor.

Weight control

Gallstones are more likely to form in those who are obese. Gallstone prevention can benefit from weight loss, but how you lose weight matters. A very low-calorie diet you follow to lose weight may actually make you more likely to develop gallstones.


Participants in a research from 2013 followed a one-year commercial weight loss programmer. One set of participants in the programmer adhered to a 500-calorie-per-day diet for 6–10 weeks. For three months, the other group consumed only low-calorie meals (1200–1500 kcal/day). Gallstones that required hospitalization or surgery were three times more likely to form in the very-low-calorie diet group than in the other group.

If you’re attempting to reduce weight, talk to your doctor about a healthy weight loss plan. They can assist you in creating a healthy weight loss strategy.


The prognosis is frequently good if you have gallstones and your doctor determines you require surgery to remove them or your gallbladder. Most times when stones are removed, they don’t come back.

You and your doctor will need to keep an eye on your progress if you decide against having surgery and instead choose to take medicine to dissolve the stones.

You probably won’t need to take any action if your gallstones aren’t creating any symptoms. However, you might wish to alter your way of living to stop them from escalating and becoming a problem.

The effectiveness of natural remedies for gallstones is not well studied.

The Food and Drug Administration does not check the quality or purity of any herbs or supplements sold in the US. Make sure to thoroughly research any items, consult your doctor, and select a reliable supplier. Ask your doctor if there are any alternative choices you can try before surgery if they have prescribed it.

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